Studying in Canada is exciting and has a lot of perks. International students get a lot of opportunities to learn, grow, and enjoy. One of the exciting things about studying in Canada as an international student is the opportunity to work while studying.
International students are given the opportunity to gain valuable work experience and earn while studying. You don’t need a work permit to work as an international student in Canada. International students can do a variety of jobs if their study permit allows them to work while pursuing their education in the country.
Working a part-time job while pursuing their studies gives international students a boost of confidence as well. It also helps them be financially independent. The money earned is used to cover their living expenses. It also helps them network, which might prove to be very beneficial to their future careers.
But how many hours can an international student work in Canada? Let’s find out. But before that, let us check out some things we need to know about working as an international student in Canada.
Things You Need
To work as an international student in Canada, you need to have:
- a Study permit that includes a work permit
- a Social Insurance Number (SIN)
You can apply for a SIN as soon as you reach Canada. It is used to track employment income and file taxes.
You can start working only when your program starts. You are not allowed to work before that.
You can work with your study permit until:
- the day your study program ends
- the day your study permit expires
- you are on authorized leave
- you switch schools and are not studying currently
Working On-Campus and Off-Campus
You can work both on-campus and off-campus. It is included in your study permit if you can work on-campus or off-campus. There are regulations regarding working on-campus and off-campus.
In case you are eligible to work as an international student, but it was not included in your study permit, then you can apply for it. The majority of colleges and institutions help their students in applying for it.
The Number of Hours an International Student Can Work in Canada
An international student is permitted to work for 20 hours per week when their program is in session. But they can work full-time or more than 20 hours a week during scheduled breaks, such as winter or summer break. An important point to be noted is that you have to be a full-time student before and after the scheduled break to be able to work with your study permit. And you are not allowed to start working before your program begins. Working 20 hours per week is great as it allows you to focus on your studies, have a social life as well as earn a considerable amount of money.
While the Canadian government allows every eligible international student to work while studying, note that you should only take up part-time jobs. Otherwise, it would affect your studies.
There is no limit to the number of part-time jobs that you can take. But you need to make sure that you don’t exceed the 20 hours limit.
Work Hours for Self-Employed International Students
Did you know that you can also be self-employed? Yes, yes! You can!
Now the next question is, “Does the 20 hours per week limit apply to the self-employed international students as well?” The answer is yes. You need to track your work hours and make sure that you don’t exceed 20 hours.
The rules that apply to an international student who is employed in an organization are also applicable to self-employed international students.
Exceeding 20 hours
Okay, so by now, we know that an international student is allowed to work 20 hours per week. But what happens if we exceed this limit on working hours? First of all, this is a guideline that every international student needs to follow. Not following it is a violation that can result in heavy penalties and the loss of your status as an international student.
When can international students work for 40 hours per week?
International students are allowed to work 20 hours per week when their classes are in session. But they can work full time during scheduled breaks. For example, during summer breaks or winter breaks. A part-time job involves working 20 hours per week, and a full-time job involves working 40 hours or more per week. You have to follow this guideline; otherwise, you will be punished. The punishment for violating this guideline includes being fined or being deported to your home country. You might lose your status as an international student and may not be given a work or study permit in the future.
How much can an international student earn in Canada?
An international student can do a part-time job and earn while studying in Canada. International students can earn around 8 to 15 CAD per hour on average. The salary mostly depends on the kind of job you do as an international student. If you work as a barista or a waitress/waiter, your income can be increased with tips. If you give commendable services to the customers, they might tip you well.
Can an international student be self-employed in Canada?
Yes, international students can be self-employed, provided their study permit allows them to work off-campus. Self-employed international students also have to abide by the 20 hours of work per week rule. If they don’t follow this rule and work more than 20 hours a week when their classes are in session, they also stand to lose their status as an international student and lose their chance of getting a study permit or a work permit in the future. They might also have to pay a hefty fine and be sent back to their home country.